How to Perform the First Intervention on a Beehive Without Opening the Colonies on 15/01/2023
If you are a beekeeper, you might be wondering how to check on your bees without disturbing them too much. In this article, we will show you how to perform the first intervention on a beehive without opening the colonies on 15/01/2023. This is a simple and effective way to monitor the health and activity of your bees, as well as to prevent any potential problems.
The first intervention on a beehive is usually done in late winter or early spring, when the weather is mild and the bees are starting to become more active. The purpose of this intervention is to assess the condition of the hive, such as the amount of food, the presence of pests or diseases, and the size and strength of the colony. By doing this intervention without opening the colonies, you can avoid exposing the bees to cold air or stress, which could harm them or cause them to abscond.
To perform the first intervention on a beehive without opening the colonies, you will need some basic tools and equipment, such as:
- A bee suit and gloves to protect yourself from stings.
- A smoker and fuel to calm the bees.
- A hive tool to pry open the hive parts.
- A scale or a spring balance to weigh the hive.
- A flashlight or a torch to inspect the hive entrance.
- A notebook and a pen to record your observations.
Here are the steps to follow:
- Put on your bee suit and gloves and light your smoker. Approach the hive from behind or from the side, not from the front where the bees fly in and out.
- Smoke the hive entrance lightly to mask any alarm pheromones and make the bees less defensive. Wait for a few seconds before proceeding.
- Use your hive tool to gently lift one corner of the roof or cover of the hive. Peek inside and observe if there are any signs of life, such as movement or sound. If you see or hear nothing, it could mean that the colony is dead or has left the hive. In that case, you will need to open the hive and investigate further.
- If you see or hear signs of life, lower the roof or cover back into place and move on to the next step. Do not open the hive further unless you suspect a serious problem that requires immediate attention.
- Use your scale or spring balance to weigh the hive. Compare the weight with your previous records or with an average weight for your type of hive and region. A significant weight loss could indicate that the bees have consumed most of their food stores and are at risk of starvation. In that case, you will need to feed them with sugar syrup or fondant until they can find natural sources of nectar and pollen.
- Use your flashlight or torch to inspect the hive entrance. Look for any signs of activity, such as bees flying in and out, bringing pollen or propolis, or cleaning debris. Also look for any signs of trouble, such as dead bees, wax moth larvae, varroa mites, ants, mice, or other predators. If you notice any problems, you will need to take appropriate measures to deal with them.
- Use your notebook and pen to record your findings and any actions you took. Note down the date, time, weather conditions, hive weight, bee activity, and any problems or concerns. This will help you keep track of your hives and plan your next interventions.
Congratulations! You have successfully performed the first intervention on a beehive without opening the colonies on 15/01/2023. By doing this regularly, you can ensure that your bees are healthy and happy throughout the year.