Whos Who in the Bible: A Guide to the Most Important Characters
The Bible is a collection of books that tells the story of God’s relationship with humanity. It contains many stories of people who played a significant role in God’s plan of salvation. Some of them are well-known, such as Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus. Others are less familiar, such as Rahab, Deborah, Barnabas, and Lydia. But all of them have something to teach us about faith, obedience, courage, and love.
In this article, we will introduce you to some of the most important characters in the Bible, from both the Old and New Testaments. We will also provide you with some resources where you can learn more about them and their stories.
Whos Who in the Old Testament
The Old Testament covers the history of God’s people from creation to the exile and return from Babylon. It contains 39 books that are divided into four main sections: the Pentateuch (the first five books), the Historical Books (from Joshua to Esther), the Poetical Books (from Job to Song of Songs), and the Prophetic Books (from Isaiah to Malachi).
Here are some of the key characters in the Old Testament:
- Adam and Eve: The first human beings created by God in his image. They lived in the Garden of Eden until they disobeyed God and ate from the forbidden tree. They were expelled from the garden and became subject to sin and death.
- Noah: A righteous man who found favor with God in a wicked world. He built an ark according to God’s instructions and saved his family and two of every kind of animal from a global flood that destroyed the earth.
- Abraham: The father of many nations and the ancestor of Israel. He obeyed God’s call to leave his homeland and go to a land that God promised to give him and his descendants. He demonstrated his faith by being willing to sacrifice his son Isaac, whom God had miraculously given him in his old age.
- Moses: The leader and lawgiver of Israel. He was born a Hebrew slave in Egypt but was adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter. He fled from Egypt after killing an Egyptian who was mistreating a Hebrew. He encountered God at a burning bush and was commissioned to deliver Israel from slavery. He performed many signs and wonders before Pharaoh and led Israel through the Red Sea and the wilderness. He received the Ten Commandments and other laws from God on Mount Sinai.
- David: The second king of Israel and a man after God’s own heart. He was a shepherd boy who defeated the giant Goliath with a sling and a stone. He became a loyal friend of King Saul’s son Jonathan but also a fugitive from Saul’s jealousy. He was anointed by Samuel as God’s chosen king and established Jerusalem as his capital. He was a great warrior, poet, musician, and prophet. He committed adultery with Bathsheba and arranged for her husband Uriah’s death, but he repented and received God’s forgiveness.
- Elijah: A prophet who confronted the idolatrous king Ahab and his wicked wife Jezebel. He performed many miracles, such as raising a widow’s son from the dead, calling down fire from heaven on Mount Carmel, and stopping and starting the rain by his prayer. He was taken up to heaven in a whirlwind without dying.
- Daniel: A young man who was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon. He served faithfully in the king’s court and interpreted his dreams. He refused to worship idols or stop praying to God, even when he faced death in a lions’ den. He received visions of future events concerning Israel and the world.
Whos Who in the New Testament
The New Testament covers the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ and the birth and growth of his church. It contains 27 books that are divided into four main sections: the Gospels (the four accounts of Jesus’ life), Acts (